Eye conditions/problems and treatments



Ectropion of the lower lids causes the eyelid to turn outward and expose the inner surface of the eyelid. This can result in discomfort, excessive tearing, and even difficulty closing the eyes. It is a common condition that affects people of all ages and is often caused by ageing or damage to the eyelid muscles or tissues

We offer practical and safe treatments for the ectropion of the lower lids. Our consultant is a specialist oculoplastic surgeon dedicated to meeting each patient’s unique needs.

The symptoms of ectropion of the lower lids can vary from person to person but generally include:

  1. Excessive tearing

  2. Irritation or redness of the eye

  3. Dryness or itchiness of the eye

  4. Difficulty closing the eye

  5. Sensitivity to light or wind

  6. Eye infections or sores

The most common cause of ectropion of the lower lids is the natural ageing process, which can weaken the muscles and tissues of the eyelid over time. Other factors that can contribute to this condition include:

  1. Scarring from previous injuries or surgeries

  2. Eyelid tumours or growths

  3. Facial nerve paralysis

  4. Skin conditions that cause the skin to stretch or become loose

  5. Previous surgery on the eyelids

We offer a variety of treatments for ectropion of the lower lids, including:

  1. Lubricating eye drops or ointments to help reduce dryness and irritation

  2. Antibiotic ointments or eye drops to prevent infection

  3. Taping or patching the eyelid to protect the eye

  4. Cautery treatment to turn the eyelid in.

  5. Surgical eyelid correction includes tightening the muscles or tissues and removing excess skin.

Surgical correction of ectropion of the lower lids is usually performed under local anaesthesia. The procedure typically takes less than an hour, and patients can return home within an hour.

After surgery, one may experience some swelling, bruising, and discomfort, but these symptoms usually subside within a few days.

We will work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan that meets your unique needs and helps you achieve your cosmetic and functional goals.




Entropion is a condition that affects the eyelids, causing them to turn inward toward the eye. This can result in discomfort, irritation, and even vision problems due to corneal scarring. If you are experiencing entropion of the eyelids, it’s essential to seek medical attention to prevent further damage.

We offer a range of treatments for entropion of the eyelids. Our consultant is a specialist eye plastic surgeon.

Entropion can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Ageing: As we age, the skin around our eyes becomes less elastic and can turn in, leading to entropion.

  • Scarring: Scarring around the eye can pull the eyelid inward, causing entropion.

  • Injury: An injury to the eyelid can cause entropion.

The symptoms of entropion can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:

  • Eye irritation and discomfort

  • Redness and swelling of the eye

  • Tearing

  • Sensitivity to light

  • Blurred vision

We offer several treatment options for entropion. The most common treatments include:

  • Eyelid taping: This temporary solution involves taping the eyelid to prevent it from turning inward.

  • Botulinum toxin injections can weaken the muscles that pull the eyelid inward, allowing it to return to its normal position.

  • Surgical correction: Surgical correction is the most effective treatment for entropion. During this procedure, the surgeon will reposition the eyelid and tighten the muscles around the eye to prevent the eyelid from turning inward.

If undergoing surgical correction for entropion, you will be given a local anaesthetic to numb the area around your eye. Next, the surgeon will make an incision in the skin around your eye and reposition the eyelid. They will then tighten the muscles around the eye to prevent the eyelid from turning inward. Finally, the incision will be closed with stitches, and you will be given instructions for aftercare.

Recovery time after surgical correction can vary, but most patients can return to normal activities within a week or two. However, you may experience some swelling, bruising, and discomfort in the days following the procedure. We will provide specific aftercare instructions to help you recover quickly and effectively.

Ptosis ( droopy lid) Correction

Ptosis, also known as a drooping eyelid, is when the upper eyelid droops down and wholly or partially covers the eye. It can be caused by various factors, including age, genetics, injury, or in certain medical conditions like diabetes and (oculomotor nerve palsy— this requires an urgent medical evaluation).

Ptosis can affect one or both eyes and can vary in severity. Ptosis can cause functional problems such as obstructed vision and cosmetic concerns. Various treatments for ptosis can help improve function and appearance.

In mild cases of ptosis, no treatment may be recommended.

Surgical treatment may be necessary if the ptosis is more severe. The following are the surgical options available for ptosis:

  1. Levator Muscle surgery: This is the most common surgical treatment for ptosis. It involves shortening or re-attaching the levator muscle that lifts the eyelid, which raises the eyelid to the appropriate height.

  2. Müller Muscle Resection: This procedure involves shortening the Müller muscle, which lifts the eyelid. It is typically used in cases where the ptosis is mild to moderate.

  3. Brow Lift: Sometimes, a droopy eyelid appearance may be caused by a sagging brow rather than a drooping eyelid. In these cases, a brow lift may be recommended to lift the brow and improve the appearance of the eyelid.

The recovery time for ptosis surgery can vary depending on the type of surgery performed. However, most patients can return to work or normal activities one week after surgery.

It is common to experience some swelling, bruising, and discomfort after surgery. Patients may be advised to use cold compresses and over-the-counter pain medication to help manage these symptoms.

As with any surgery, there are risks and potential complications associated with ptosis surgery. These can include bleeding, infection, scarring, and eyelid asymmetry. However, complications are rare, and most patients experience successful outcomes from ptosis surgery.

Ptosis can be frustrating and debilitating, but effective treatments are available to help improve both function and appearance. If you are experiencing symptoms of ptosis, it is essential to speak a professional opinion.

Our consultant is an oculoplastic surgeon, i.e. specialising in eyelid plastic surgery.


Book a consultation on : 01332 297397